26 September 1920: Sweden’s progressive new marriage laws


THE new marriage law passed by the Parliament of Sweden in characterized in some quarters as the most progressive in the world. Its leading principle, says the International Woman Suffrage News, is “to make the positions of husband and wife equal; their rights and duties mutual in every respect, and to make them both responsible for home and family.”

Under this new act the guardianship of the husband is totally abolished. A wife may, like her husband, choose her own domicile, and is entitled to take her working utensils and part of the furniture. She may practice any trade or profession without her husband’s consent and has all liberty of contract even with her husband.

The parents are made joint guardians of their children, the only instance where different rights are accorded being that where a child possesses a fortune of its own. In this case the father is legal trustee.

Regulations for divorce are enunciated in the law as follows:

“If both want to dissolve their marriage, they have only to send in to the proper authority an application for separation, which is then granhted for one year without any further investigation. When the year is out each of the parties may urge full divorce and is not obliged to give any grounds for his or her demand. Divorce is then immediately granted. If they or one of them want to get a divorce without going through a year of separation, or if only one party desires separation against the wish of the other, reasons must be given. Such reasons are mainly infidelity, desertion, debauchery and drunkenness, neglect of family duties and knowingly exposing the other party to contagion through certain diseases.

“When marriage is dissolved through divorce, all property in which is vested a marital right is equally divided between the parties; if one of them is in need of further help for his or her maintenance the other will be bound to give such help according to his or her ability, if the divorce has not been caused entirely or mainly by the misdemeanor of the former. The court decides which of the parents shall take care of the children, and its decision shall be founded solely on what may be considered best for the children themselves. Only if the father and mother are considered equally fit to take care of the children will their respective guilt with regard to the divorce come into consideration.”

Published in: on September 26, 2010 at 8:43 am  Leave a Comment  

21 September 1920: Reaction to Wall Street being bombed, and disgraceful suggestive dancing

90 years ago the Sandusky Register took terrorist bombers and dirty dancing to task.


The Wall Street disaster proves once more the futility of violent methods to destroy capitalism. Americans are people who want to see fair play, and in any such instance of unfairness they swing at once to the side of the injured. Whatever Americans in general may have thought last week of Morgan or of Wall Street, today their sympathy goes out to them, and their disgust to those who sought by bombs to destroy them.
The main end, therefore, of the planting of the explosives was not retained. The thing which the criminals aimed to destroy is today stronger than ever and public opinion, as well as all the machinery of every civilized government, is turned against the would-be destroyers.
Incidentally, many innocent persons were killed and many more were injured. Much valuable property has been ruined.
And why are these anarchists so stupid that they cannot learn that destruction is paid for by the whole people, always?
Injustice has been wrought by capital in the past. Doubtless in some instances it is so being wrought today. But two wrongs never make a right and not by violence are the desired ends achieved. By the co-operation of labor with capital, and with the public which includes them both, industrial wrongs become relegated to the past, industrial rights become the order of the day. But the wholesale murder of stenographers, office boys and passers-by does not exactly inspire that confidence which begets a desire for friendly co-operation.

Ordinances are being enacted widely to check the immodest dancing which seems to have permeated almost every community, no matter how small or how decent. One such ordinance, recently enacted, provides:
That a proper distance must be maintained between partners.
That no part of the dancers’ heads may touch.
That girls may not place their arms around their partners’ necks.
That no one may dance in a suggestive manner.
While these restrictions are aimed at public dancing places, it is hoped that they will be observed at private parties as well.
Just how the ridiculous cheek-to-cheek jaz got its hold on sane and decent America is hard to understand. That is is being recognized generally for the disgusting display which it is, and being gradually retired from the public favor, is a good thing and speaks well for the fundamental soundness of American ideals.
Published in: on September 21, 2010 at 9:03 am  Leave a Comment  

14 September 1920: Japanese press on topics of the day – independence movement in Korea, Japanese in California

Today’s excerpt from the news 90 years ago comes from the Japan Advertiser, which was absorbed by The Japan Times in 1940.

It is natural that the Government should have removed the ban on the press regarding the situation in Korea, which should be considered not only in the official light but from many other points of view. Morever, if the situation in Korea is not made known to the Japanese, they may suffer serious damage in their occupations and their lives and property may be subjected to serious danger.
It is doubtful whether the views taken by the authorities of the situation in Korea are correct, for in spite of the fact that not a few measures have been taken since the end of last year, not only no improvement has come over the situation, but things tend to grow more serious. Of course, it is too much to hope for an immediate eradication of the independence agitation, but judging by the present state of affairs it seems that the measures of the authorities leave not a little to be desired. The Korean agitation seems to be more deep-rooted than is supposed by the public, and there are indications that extreme plots will be carried into execution before long. It is said that when Northern Korea is frozen, it will demand particular caution on the past of the Japanese authorities, and it is hoped that they will be more vigilant than ever. It is also necessary that every incident in Korea should be made known to the people so that they can ascertain for themselves what the situation there is like.
Importance of Korea.
Shortly after the appointment of the present Governor-General of Korea, it was reported that there was friction between the officials holding office since the days of the preceding Governor-General and those who had been appointed after the changce of Governor-Generalship. A traveller returned from Korea says that this is still the case. If his statement is true, it is a serious matter.
Before the war the affairs of Japan and Korea were confined to themselves, but Korea has assumed worldwide importance since the war. What relation Korea has to Japan will be clear when one reflects on the rumor during the war that Ireland furnished Germany with a submarine base. The independence agitation in Korea has now become an international question. If the peninsula is lost to Japan and if she is thus exposed to danger, the resultant calamity will not be confined to Japan alone but the peace of the whole of the Orient will be jeopardized. The functions of the Japanese officials in Korea, therefore, relate not only to the welfare of the seventy million Japanense but to that of all the five hundred million peoples in the Orient.
The Pan-Pacific Union.
In trying to settle the Pacific questions we should not ignore Great Britain and Australia, but the main responsibility for the solution of the problems rests with Japan and America. Japan is as closely interested in the present and future of the Pacific as America and Great Britain. Though it is difficult to say which country is bound to hold the supremacy of the Pacific, Japan wmill have to abandon her position as one of the Great Powers and as guarantor of peace in the Orient if she loses her supremacy. It follows therefore that the solution of the Pacific questions is a matter of life or death to Japan. In trying to solve these questions we should absolutely avoid recourse to arms, and endeavor to reach an agreement by conciliation. This is perhaps the object of the establishment of a brlanch of the Pan-Pacific Union by Mr. Alexander Ford.
Unless, however, the whites consider the problems without bias and racial projudice, it will be difficult to arrive at a satisfactory agreement. We doubt whether this will be possible if America and Australia stick to a policy of discrimination against the Japanese. There is no doubt, however, that if the whites consider all the problems fairly and justly, free from all racial prejudice, much will come out of the arrangement.
Californian Outlook Gloomy.
It is satisfactory that the land question is being considered as an issue between Japan and America, not as between Japan and California. Judging by various reports, nine (?) out of ten the anti-Japanese bill will (?) in November. All recognize (?) bill is unjust, but the trouble is that California is in a position to enact a law in spite of the opposition of the Federal government. In the present state of affairs, the situation will become worse if the Federal Government attempts interference, and it seems that the American authorities contemplate taking some indirect action.
While the Japanese Government is doing its best in regard to the question, the Americanr Government sincerely appreciates the difficulties of the Japanese immigrants and public opinion in the Eastern States supports Japan’s position. All these influences, however, are impotent unless they are imparted legal authority to override that of California. This question seems to be the subject of the present negotiations between Japan and America. The American Government may grant the right of naturalization to the Japanese or make some treaty agreements with Japan, but at present these are only theoretically possible. As practical issues, the remedies cannot be taken before November.
The outlook for the Californian question is thus gloomy. It should be pointed out that there is a peculiar law in Japan which places her in a disadvantageous position regarding naturalization and the establishment of a most-favored nation agreement regarding landownership. In any case, the Californian question involves the prestige of this country. It should be declared that if the question is settled entirely as is desired by the Californians, it will be impossible for the Japanese to submit to the settlement. If the American Government is really solicitous for the friendship of Japan and America and wishes to see to it that the honor of the Japanese is not impaired and that the Japanese immigrants in California are not deprived of their vested rights, we cannot but hope that it will act with firm determination. At the same time, let us add that Japan is prepared to make suitable concessions so as not to wound the amour propre of the Californians.
A Proposed Solution.


Knowing, as we do, the facts of the case, we regret that the Japenese authorities are idle in regard to the Californian question. It is true that they are conducting negotiations with the American authorities, but these negotiations are useless and are only designed to deceive the Japanese.
The fact is that the Japanese authorities are not able to hit upon a plan which is sure to settle the problem, and let us suggest a measure. On one hand, Japan shouldf make a concession and prohibit any further emigration to America, and on the other, America should grant the right of naturalization to some of the Japanese who are already lawfully domiciled in America and who are of good character. It is desirable that all the Japanese should be given the right of naturalization, but as this is apparently difficult of realization, it is to be hoped that America will grant the right to a limited number of Japanese who intend to live permanently in America. There are many Japanese in America, but the number of those who have considerable investments in land and who intend to live there permanently is limited. Even if the American government decides to give the right of naturalization to the Japanese if they apply for it within a certain period, nobody beyond those who have special interests will prefer to abandon their Japanese nationality.
Funeral for Mr. Imai’s Daughter.

Kokusai Reuter
ROME, September 9 — The body of the daughter of the Japanese diplomatist, Mr. Imai has arrived here. The fatherl took it to the church of Sant Andrea, where on Saturday the funeral service will be held. Mr. Imai is leaving for Japan by the first boat, which sails from Marseilles in the beginning of October.
Published in: on September 14, 2010 at 6:16 am  Leave a Comment  

7 September 1920: Improved relations between the US and Persia, the new Bahai faith

Today’s article from 90 years ago is from The Portsmouth Herald, and is probably one of the most openly positive pieces I’ve ever read in a newspaper. It begins with relations between the US and Persia, then talks for a long, long while about the founder of the Baha’i faith (1920 was one year before he died), and then back to a bit on Persians arriving in New York for the first time.


Possibility of Closer Relation Between America and Persia.

America and Persia are the two countries that know very little about each other. The average American reads in his school history about Cyrus and Artexerxes, but very few books tell us about the modern conditions in that country. Yet thanks to the inventions and discoveries of this age, closer relations are being established between the land of the Eagle and that of the Lion and the Sun. Steamships, telegraphs and railroads have had their humanizing and far-reaching influence over the destinies of nations and empires. We are living in the midst of an interlocking civilization. No nation can seclude herself from participating in the affairs of her neighbor any longer. However, these “participations” should not be in the form of interference, encroachment or conquest. The nations of the world today are like “big and small brothers.” The elder brother should never think to steal the property of the younger one but should aim to teach him, so that some day he may gain his intellectual and personal independence.

The country of Persia has only a few miles of railroad, near the capital, Teheran, but her principle cities are connected with telegraph. Many new roads are being projected and American enterprise, capital and energy are much needed. Just as the United States has two great ports on the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, likewise Persia is reached by the south by the Persian gulf and on the Northwest by the Caspian Sea. Persia is a tableland, its mountains are very high, its sea is 628,000 square miles, about one fifth of the area of the United States. Her population is 15,000,000, her mineral and agricultural resources are immense and untouched. Her oil fields in the South, once developed will make that nation rich. As a general rule the Persians love the Americans and would like to see the people of the United States taking a greater interest in the future destiny of that ancient nation. Thru the spread and influence of the Bahai Movement liberal and progressive ideals for social reforms are permeating the hearts and minds, a number of new schools with modern educational methods are dispelling the clouds of superstitions and prejudices paving the way for the march of the enlightened forces of the New Civilization. Nearly twenty years ago Abdul Baha writing to the Persian Bahais promised them that ere long their real brothers from America will go to Persia, bringing to them new systems of agriculture, mining, finance, manufacturing, government and education. This promise we hope will become fully realized as the two countries advance along the highway of social progress and economic independence. All the American travellers who have been in Persia during the past decade have written the most fascinating stories about the hospitality, courtesy ad kindness of the Persians toward them. They tell us that the Persians are most eager to adopt the new methods of Western Civilization and enroll themselves as a member of the family of nations.

The Bahai Movement was brought to the attention of the American public at the Congress of Religions during the Columbia exposition at Chicago in 1893. From that time on it has been advancing quite rapidly throughout the large cities and towns of this country and Canada. During this period a number of Persian teachers have been sent by Abdul Bahai, the leader of the Movement, who lives on Mount Carmel, Palestine. These Persian scholars have explained to the people of the United States the aims and purposes of the Bahai Cause, which is no other than a cause of Brotherhood and peace amongst all the nations of the earth and fulfills the prophesies of the Old and New Testament.

Mirza Abdul Fazel Coming to America

One of the great Persian teachers was Mirza Abdul Fazel, a well known Eastern philosopher, historian and authority on the Bible. He was an author of note and his knowledge of the religions and sciences of the East was wide and deep. He stayed in this country for several years, lived in Chicago, Washington and New York, spent two summers at the Green Acre Conferences and delivered a series of lectures on Eastern ideals. He attracted to himself a host of real friends. With his long beard, and clad in Oriental robes, he looked like a biblical patriarch and he became a familiar figure in the streets of those cities in which he lived. The children were much attracted to him and he loved them with all his heart and soul. When in 1903 he returned to Egypt he left behind many devoted friends who are cherishing his memory all thru their lives. He passed away from this life before the world war, but his books are store-houses of knowledge and wisdom for all the students of religious history, especially the Bahai Movement.

Abdul Baha’s Trip Through Egypt and Europe

When in 1908 the “young Turks” dethroned the corrupt Sultan Abdul Hamid, Abdul Baha was freed from his confinement in the Turkish prison of Aeca on the Mediterranean, after 40 years of imprisonment. The establishment of the constitution in Turkey released all the religious and political prisoners, and Abdul Baha who was eager to give the message of his father to the people of the world, immediately started on a journey thru Egypt, Switzerland, France and England. At the urgent solicitation of many churches and societies he delivered eloquent talks before them. The ministers, the Statesmen and the thinkers of Europe hailed him as the great spiritual teacher, coming out of the East. They welcomed him and opened every door so that he might deliver his message to the people. His appearance in the midt of the soulless and material civilization of Europe created a wonderful dynamic and heavenly force.

Thousands of people listened to his wise words and spiritual advice and returned to their homes invigorated and uplifted to a higher consciousness. In the center of war-crazed Europe he raised the call of peace calling the attention of the blind politicians to the futility and uselessness of human slaughter. He referred to Europe as an arsenal full of inflammable material, saying that the smallest spark would set that whole magazine into a world-conflagration. This prophecy was fulfilled with the murder of the Austrian prince and his consort at Sarajevo and the consequent cataclysm of a world war which drowned the globe in a sea of blood.

Abdul Baha’s Trip Thru the United States and Canada

On April 11th, 1912 Abdul Baha, the head of the Bahai movement with his secretaries and interpreters, stepped on American soil in New York Harbor. He was interviewed by correspondents of the metropolitan press and invited by the Divines and clergymen to speak from their pulpits. This was the beginning of his great tour throughout the United States and Canada. He visited the most important cities and lectured before churches, clubs, civic organizations, synagogues, suffrage societies and many other movements. In all his lectures he dwelt on the necessity of Peace, Love and Unity — not in a national sense, but in an international sense. The press, the platform, the pulpits and the magazines quoted his talks and dwelt on the spiritual significance of his wonderful trip. His reception by all those who came under his Divine spell was whole-hearted and spontaneous. Everywhere he was hailed as the greatest teacher of his age, as a guide and a master of the things of the spirit. Although at the time of his trip he was a man of 70 years of age. He showed a marvelous vitality and travelled from coast to coast, talked with thousands of men and women, showed an interest in the results of the American civilization and at the top of his voice heralded the coming of the Kingdom of God.

From America he returned again to Europe, visiting England, France, Germany and Austria-Hungary. He warned the leaders of these Empires of the woeful results of their warlike preparations and showed them the better path of progress through the inoculation of the law of comity and peace. But they were so intoxicated with the wine of haughtiness and pride that his words were not heeded. They argued that war was the means of national expansion and commercial superiority. A few months before the outbreak of the war he returned to his home in Haifa, Palestine. Here far away from the noise of cannons and the mad rage of the soldiers he spent his time on Mount Carmel, living in accord with the laws of Peace, walking in the path of Peace, thinking the thoughts of Peace, constructing the palace of Peace, sending forth the shining ideals of Peace and teaching his people the lessons of Peace. He told his disciples that while the people in the outside world are thinking of destruction, they must think of construction; while others hate they must love and while the soldiers carry fire and sword into the cities and towns, they must become enkindled with the flame of the Love of God and hold fast to the sword of truth; — so that at the end of this war they may go forth into the world of humanity and diffuse the fragrances of the flowers of Peace. Abdul Baha and his followers work for a world rebuilt; that thought replace unreason, love takes the place of hate; that the laughter of little children no more be stilled, the beauty and the strength of women no more be turned to ashes, the vigor of men no more be given to desolate the earth; that for us all the silence of the sunrise bring again the service, the quiet of the sunset yield us to the night of rest; that wisdom, faith and patience fail us not, facing the eternal task of peace thru brotherhood.”

When the war came to a close and the armistice was signed by the contending nations, the door of correspondence was again opened. Many Bahais who had not heard from Abdul Baha, during the war, hastened to Haifa. They found their beloved teacher in the utmost state of health and fragrance, at work with his spiritual task. He was eager to fill the ruined world with his regenerative power, reconstructing the broken hearts and healing the wounded souls. Many American Bahais have been to Palestine during the last year, where they met Abdul Baha, and received his blessings and instructions. Most of these pilgrims have already returned, bringing back vital messages, the application of which will bring the East and the West nearer to each other.

Mirza Fazel Mazandrani Now in America

This Persian teacher is a great philosopher and learned man. He arrived in New York on April 28th, 1920, as the special representative of Abdul Baha. He has been a former Professor in the Shah’s University in Teheran and has suffered much for his faith. He was sent to this country with important messages to be delivered at the twelfth Annual Bahai Convention held in New York city, the latter part of April. He comes out of the East with a universal message of Love. Although he does not belong to any society or organization he is welcomed by all with open arms. Since his arrival he har travelled much and lectured before innumerable churches and clubs. From New York he went to Philadelphia, Washington, Chicago, Detroit, Cleveland, Boston, Buffalo, Lilydale, Jamestown, East Aurora, Chautauqua, New York and Dublin, N.H. In all these places his lectures were listened to with the greatest attention. During the month of August he delivered a series of Talks at the Green Acre Conferences in Eliot, Me. Hundreds of people from all parts of the United States and Canada came together for this season in this ideal spot and listened to the talks of this charming spiritual teacher — so gentle, so amiable, his face wreathed in smiles. He intends to make an extensive tour of the United States and Canada. As the writer will have the privilege of accompanying him throughout the country, weekly articles will appear in this paper to inform the readers about the movements, lectures and impressions of these “Persian pilgrims.”

Impressions of a Persian on Landing in New York

When a Persian lands in New York the first thing that impresses him are the skyscrappers [sic] looming up toward heaven, the brilliantly lighted avenues in the evening, the surging waving crowds on all sides, the subways, elevated and surface cars filled with busy looking women ad men rushing to all parts of the cities, the long line of automobiles and vehicles, carrying their loads of humanity from one function to another, the vast harbor lined with steamers of all countries, but the thing that is deeply felt by an emigrant before landing in the great statue of liberty enlightening the world — the great searchlight in her hand, welcoming the strangers to the land of the free and the brave, in future articles we shall discuss how the material prosperity, industrial life, educational system, the factories and the railroads and the big cities with their enormous department stores have impressed the minds of these “Persian pilgrims.”

Indeed America is the melting pot. It is the land of quick adaptability, plasticity, and has a marvelous power of assimilation. Peoples and races and tongues from all over the world come to this country with crude habits, primitive customs, but in a short time they are assimilated into the mass of American citizenship, contributing their intellectual, and industrial share to the life of the nation. We shall show how America is the name of religious freedom, how our “Persian pilgrims” have been impressed with the fair mindedness, appreciation and hospitality of the American people. You, dear readers, will be our companions all along the journey and we shall share with you all the intervening events and incidents transpiring from time to time.

America is a great country and our Persian pilgrims have loving hearts. They will interpret American institutions and customs with a just and appreciative spirit. They know that this country is the land of Equality, Initiative, Adaptability, quick Perception, Freedom, Joyousness, Hospitality, Opportunity and Progress.

Published in: on September 7, 2010 at 1:59 pm  Leave a Comment  

3 September 1920: 10,000 men for Palestine to construct Jewish national homeland

One of the more interesting articles from 90 years ago is this one, detailing plans involving 10,000 volunteers to spend time in Palestine (then ruled by the British) to build Balfouria, the “colony of the America Zion commonwealth”.

Wikipedia article on Balfouria today

(Cook County Herald)


Zionist Official Appeals for 10,000 Volunteer Workers.

Are Necessary for the Basic Reconstruction of the Jewish National Homeland.

Jerusalem — Ten thousand volunteers, chosen from veterans of the world war, the Jewish Legion, and skiled workmen, to enlist at once for 18 months’ service in a Jewish Industrial army in Palestine, are necessary for the basic reconstruction work of the Jewish national homeland, according to Bernard A. Rosenblatt, president of the American Zion commonwealth, who is now in Palestine in the interests of “Balfouria,” the colony of the American Zion commonwealth.

Mr. Rosenblatt recommends a regular army organization with a general staff of three which, as a Jewish industrial commission, will supervise the work of the Jewish labor army in rebuilding the Holy Land.

“Our biggest task, once the call is issued for volunteers, will be in sifting out the applicants and determining upon the 10,000 to go,” he said. “They could all be occupied in the one task of building houses for future immigrants. The army should work only on land belonging to the Jewish nation, lands secured from the Palestine government, from the Jewish national fund, the American Zion commonwealth or other agencies of the Zionist organization.”

In addition to the construction of homes, he points out that such an army would be busied in preparing land for immediate settlement, irrigation, afforestation, sanitation and engineering works necessary for the development of industry and commerce.

“The nucleus for such an industrial army is already in Palestina in the co-operative groups, working on the lands of the Jewish national fund and in the group that is developing “Balfouria,” the first colony of the American Zion commonwealth,” he concluded. “I am convinced after two visits to Palestine that only through such a huge disciplined Jewish labor army, we will be able to reconquer the land of our forefathers.”

The next two are just curiosities – the first one is an image with a caption and the second isn’t interesting enough to type out, but is worth looking at to keep in mind that gossipy and slightly trashy fare isn’t anything new in a newspaper.

Published in: on September 3, 2010 at 1:59 pm  Leave a Comment  

29 August 1920 – Argentine tango is dead

Today’s news chosen from 90 years ago is not so serious, just a premature prediction in the Washington Post that day by a “British Authority” that Argentinian tango is dead.


Tendency of Modern Steps is for Simplicity, Says British Authority.


Middle-Aged Dancer Here to Stay, Avers Major Cecil Taylor.

London, Aug 28. — The Argentine tango, which has been dying since 1914, got its last jolt today, when Maj. Cecil Taylor, president of the Imperial Society of Dance Teachers Congress, pronounced it dead. Fashionable dances next season will be a new and thoroughly reconstructed tango, the fox-trot, the one-step l’Italienne and the Spanish schottische. Simplicity in movement is the basis of these dances. The ‘hip hold’ is barred.

“The tendency of the modern dance is for simplicity in movement,” said Maj Taylor. “There must be quietness in style. No stunts are wanted. L’Italienne is a walz in a new theme and the Spanish schottische resembles a fox trot, but it is slower. One of the reasons for the slower tendency in dancing is that the middle aged dancer has come to stay.”

The congress rules that in dancing the man should place his hand in the middle of his partner’s back. She is guided in this way, instead of by her partner placing his right hand on her left hip.

Another newspaper from that day shows a fashion that would not be at all out of place today either, except for the black thing the model in the drawing is holding if it happens to be fur. Some of the fashion terminology is quite different as well, with words such as serges, poiret trimmings, and chamoistyn. Besides that though the ad’s overly flowery, often incomprehensible and hyperbolic nature is no different from those you see today.

Youth and Charm Accompany Fall Suits

AGAIN right at the very beginning of the Fall, our showings of fashionable wear are complete. Not only in the fullest range of authentic styles, but in the earliest showings of the styles which will lead the mode. Again, we enable our friends to select their fall and winter wear, right at the beginning of the season, so that they may have the utmost of service, for our prices are placed at fair figures for real value in assured quality and workmanship.

New Suits for Fall

The charm of youth, a splendid variety of models from which to make your choice, such an exhibit at so reasonable a price, merits your early attendance. In wool velous, tricotines, broadcloth and chamoistyn at $45.00 up.

Fall Dresses

What lovely frocks await your choosing in serges, tricotines, poiret twills, beaded, embroidery and fancy trimmings. THAT YOU SHOULD SEE THESE, IS A FACT at $20.00 and up.


New Fall Coats and Wraps

They are infallible in style, in peach bloom, chamoistyn and oudulette — an exceeding pleasure awaits you in their choosing at $45.00 and up.

Burdick & Murray Co.

Published in: on August 29, 2010 at 11:28 am  Leave a Comment  

Inspector Joseph Faurot’s Latest – an “Unstealable” Car

(From the Syracuse Herald, 22 August 1920)

Here are Deputy Police Commissioner Joseph A. Faurot and Lieut. James J. Skegan and the “Unstealable” car with Diamond Dick in position to baffle any car thief who comes along during their absence.

THERE is one finger print expert in the United States for whom every crook, from the lowly “dip” to the high class bank burglar entertains a most wholesome respect. He is Joseph A. Fauroth, best known as Inspector Faurot, but recently elevated to the rank of third deputy commissioner of the New York Department of Police.

Many crooks who manage to evade old-time methods of detection have thrown up their hands and admitted their identity when the finger print expert began telling them things about their past which they hoped had been forgotten.

And now the inspector, after studying the habits of automobile thieves for several months in co-operation with Lieut. James J. Skegan of the Police training school, has evolved a contrivance which, it is declared, will drive car thieves out of business. Lieutenant Skegan, by the way, is something more than a joint inventor. He is the owner of no less than four congressional medals awarded to him for conspicuous bravery, and between the two of them they have produced and patented a little contrivance to be attached to the mudguard over the left front wheel of a motor car. They have named it the Faurot-Skegan safety-scope.

The safety attachment is only a few inches high and might easily be mistaken for the familiar mirror which enables a car driver to see at a glance what is behind him. It does not look as if it could safely be trusted to prevent thieves from stealing the car, but, in the words of Commissioner Faurot, it isn’t always safe for car thieves to judge by appearance.

The interior mechanism of the safety-scope does a whole lot of things which from superficial inspection would not seem possible. The four little diagrams appearing at the top of this page tell the story of what happens when car thieves come around.

The two police inventors know from personal experience the “auto-laugh” the automobile thieves have been giving to various previous attempts to safeguard automobiles against theft. They believe they have found a way to stop this “auto-laugh,” or at least to make the laugh come hard.

One of the most successful automobile thieves in the country was caught not long ago in New York city and the safety-scope contrivance was shown and explained to him.

“How would you proceed in order to steal a car protected in this way?” he was asked by the inventors.

After some thought the thief answered: “I guess I would go after a car that did not have the safety-scope protection.”

There is another type of undesirable connected with the automobile world who is also affected by the safety-scope. The ‘joy rider’.’ Gone are the good times at the expense of the car’s owner.

Here is the description of the safety-scope given verbatim by the police-inventors:

It consists of a contrivance for shutting off the motor power and a set of signals which indicate whether or not the lawful owner is in charge of the vehicle. Also immediately upon being tampered with the device automatically sets off an audible alarm siren.

Making Car Thefts Difficult.

The signals consist of two circular disks, an upper and lower one, and a diamond-shaped disk which is substituted for the upper disk when the car is left unattended. The lower disk is permanently affixed to an indispensable part of the vehicle. It contains a burglar-proof lock and the upper disks when in place are locked to it. On its face is the owner’s distinctive mark, his monogram or any other emblem that suits his fancy.

When the car is lawfully in motion the upper circular disk is attached. The disk can be seen some distance away even when the car is going at a good speed.

The diamond-shaped disk is white in color. On the face of the diamond is the inscription: “Tell a policeman if this car moves carrying the diamond disk.” When the owner or his agent parks the car or leaves it unattended in a garage or elsewhere, he removes the upper circular disk, slips it into his pocked, and thereby automatically shuts off the motor power. He then substitutes the diamond disk, locking it into the lower disk. This whole operation is extremely simple. It can be accomplished in a flash and becomes quite as commonplace as the unlocking of the switch or turning over the motor.

The diamond disk displayed is a signal that the car should not be in motion. Should a thief attempt to drive off with a car displaying the diamond disk he would find that the motor power is shut off. If he should by some ingenious method be successful in removing the diamond disk he sets the automobile alarm horn in operation, sounding a distress signal for blocks.

Should a thief manage to hammer the safety-scope off the car, which would be an extremely difficult task, as it is made of steel and firmly riveted to the mudguard, he would find that doing so would not enable him to steal the car, as knocking off the safety-scope automatically shuts off the motor power, leaves telltale holes in the mudguard and starts a red light burning.

Published in: on August 22, 2010 at 7:18 pm  Leave a Comment  

19 August 1920 – Prince Carol II of Romania visits the United States, plus haberdashery

First we’ll start out with an ad on hats, because it has the word haberdashery.

After that is an article from the Wisconsin State Journal on Carol II of Romania, who was visiting the United States at the time. The image of the article follows the text here.


Rumania’s Future King Seeks Information to Help Build Up Devastated Land; Visits University

PRINCE CAROL, crown prince of Rumania, and his retinue of 11 men, expressed themselves highly pleased with Madison and its many beauties today, after a hurried trip through the agricultural college of the university.

The prince, but for a certain trick of raising the shoulders and using his hands considerably in talking, might pass for an ordinary American citizen. He has a decided aversion to interviewing reporters, and has absolutely refused to talk with any of them on his trip through the United States. “The prince is travelling here unofficially,” declared S. E. Nicolae Filodor, minister to Greece, who is travelling with the prince. “And as he is averse to talking with newspaper folk, he is avoiding any interviews at all. When we first landed on the western coast, he granted an interview to a reporter, who grossly misquoted His Highness, and so the prince declared he would give no interviews to reporters.


“There is no danger of bolshevism in Rumania,” declares Prince Carol, when questioned by a member of the university party. “The large peasant population of my country are chiefly land owners, and are entirely uninfluenced by the bolshevik agitators’ propaganda.”

M. Filodor, the prince’s chief advisor, characterized bolshevism is a “weed which can thrive nowhere else in the world save on Russian soil.”

Except for an occasional “Your Excellency” or “Your Highness,” one would not realize that there was royalty in the little group that visited the city this morning.


“His Excellency has expressed himself as deeply impressed with Madison and its beautiful surroundings,” went on Monsieur Filodor. “He is interested in the building up of Rumania which was greatly devastated during the recent war, and as the climate, the outlying features of the land such as the forest, prairies and crops are similar to that of His Excellency’s homeland, he has come here to see what America has accomplished during recent years. And America has made marvelous progress! We are learning from the United States.”

After the trip through the agricultural buildings, the party was taken on a visit through the Historical library, after which it adjourned to the Madison club for lunch, and left at 1:45 for Chicago.

The one thing which greatly pleased His Highness and others of the royal party was the cleanliness of Madison. Monsieur Filodor exclaimed over the cleanliness of Madison streets and buildings.


Prince Carol and his retinue of 11 members arrived in Madison at 7:55 this morning in a private car, on the Northwestern train from Minneapolis. They weer met at the depot by Dean H. L. Russell of the university college of agriculture, H.J. Thorkelson, business manager of the university, M.E. McCaffrey, secretary of the board of regents, F.B. Morrison, director of the agricultural experiment station, and A.W. Hopkins, agricultural editor. The party proceeded to the Madison club for breakfast, where Dr. Charles H. Vilas, president of the board of university regents, joined them.

After breakfast, the party went directly to the university to meet President E.A. Birge, and then on a tour of the college of agriculture. Here they were shown films of work done at the university, and visited the buildings and university farm.

The prince is a fine appearing young man, about 27. He is tall, slender and graceful of carriage. His wavy hair is light brown, parted on the side, and he affects a closely trimmed mustache. He wore a dark suit, a soft felt hat, and carried a cane.

According to the Rumanian consulate, Prince Carol Hohenzollern von Siegmaringen of Rumania, he is the eldest son of King Ferdinand and Queen Marie of Rumania, is travelling incognito, but he is being well presented in his trip throughout the country. He travelled as an emissary to Japan from his country, and is now en route home. He will spend Friday in Chicago, leaving Friday night for New York, and sailing Aug. 27 for Europe.

It is said that Prince Carol is on a world tour to forget his pretty Parisian wife. Zizi Lambrino, whom he morganatically married in 1913, and from whom after months of controversy, his parents succeeded in separating him.

While in St. Paul yesterday, Prince Carol saw his first baseball game, when he watched St. Paul and Indianapolis play. He asked for one of the base balls, which was given him and autographed by Manager Mike Kelly of the Saints.

Published in: on August 20, 2010 at 12:24 am  Leave a Comment