14 October 1920: Armistice between Polish and Soviet troops signed in Riga

90 years ago the armistice was finally signed between Poland and the Soviet Union, though final details took a while longer to work out and there was sporadic fighting for a while after. I’ve only typed up about half of the related info here as there is quite a bit, but the articles are quite legible.

 

 

RUSSO-POLISH WAR HALTED BY ARMISTICE
Preliminary Peace Treaty Is Signed at Riga on Night of 12th.
EFFECTIVE FROM18TH
Terms Recognize Independence of Ukraine and White Russia.
WRANGEL BEGINS DRIVE
London, Oct. 11. — That the Poles are pushing well into Russia is shown by yesterday’s Bolshevik communique, which reports stubborn fighting with alternating success in the region of7 Olevsk (about eight miles North East of Rovno) on the Southern front. The Commnique says the Poles have crossed to the right bank of the Dnieper River, while there is stubborn fighting in the Alexandrovsk Region.
DELAY IN SIGNING.
Riga, Oct. 11. — The Russo-Polish Armistice and preliminary Peace Treaty were not signed to-night. It was accounced that a delay until Tuesday afternoon was made necessary because of the impossibility of getting the Ukrainian text prepared.
There are many unverified rumours of late disagreements in the delegation. It is known that Secretary Lorenz of the Bolsheviki delegation telephoned to the Poles shortly before nine o’clock tonight and apologized for inability to complete the Ukrainian text for signature to-night. He explained that it would be ready on Tuesday afternoon.
Under the Armistice terms both armies will remain in the positions held by them until the moment of ceasing operations providing the Russian Ukrainian troops are not nearer than 15 kilometres from the determined Polish frontier lines. A strip of 15 kilometres between the two fronts will constitute a neutral zone in the military sense, which will remain under the administration of the side to which the territory goes under the preliminary peace terms. Troops movements necessary to execute the armistice conditions must be executed at not less than 20 kilometres daily and must begin not lter than midnight of October 18.
The Treaty will be executed under the direction of mixed Commissions. The taking of hostages and the evacuation of civil prisoners will not be permitted during the withdrawal of the troops. Compulsory sale of all goods and requisitions are forbidden.
25-DAY TRUCE.
Riga, October 11. — Polish and Bolshevik delegates engaged in negotiations here will sign an armistice at Blackhead House at 7 o’clock to-night. Hostilities will cease six days after signing the Convention. The Armistice will run for 25 days, and 48 hours notice will be necessary before either side can legally break it. If it is not broken for the period of 25 days, it will continue automatically in effect for an indefinite period, with a provision that it may be broken on ten days notice. An agreement was reached as to the boundary-line between Poland and White Russia and Ukrainia. It runs roughly from Drissi on the Dvinsk River, East of the city of Dvinsk, southward, passing near Baranovitchi. It passes west of Rovno and reacher the Dniester River, west of Kamenetz Podolsk. The settlement in liquidation of Polish monetary claims was not included in the Armistice agreement, but will be taken up in the Treaty of Peace, according to Polish Officials. The Armistice contains 19 sections. The Armistice in the course of determining the boundary line, recognizes the independence of the Ukrain and White Russia.
ARMISTICE SIGNED.
Riga, Oct. 12. — A preliminary Peace Treaty and Armistice was signed by the Polish and Russian Soviet Peace Delegates here at 7.10 o’clock to-night. The armistice actually becomes effective at midnight October 18th — that is, 144 hours from midnight to-night. M. Joffe, the head of the Soviet Delegation described the Riga Peace as “a peace without victory and without vanquished” in a brief address before the signature of the Treaty. That describes the Riga Agreement accurately as it appeared to disinterested onlookers. It was a Peace of give and take which those who have followed the course of events fear will not be very popular, either with the Bolsheviki or the Poles. The Riga Armistice will put the Bolsheviki at peace with all their Baltic neighbours within 144 hours from midnight to-night, and leave the Wrangel movements as the only great Military operations against the Soviet.

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Published in: on October 15, 2010 at 11:36 am  Leave a Comment  

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